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TABLE 8. Women's Access to the Rights to Vote and to Stand for Elections: World Chronology

1788

United States (to stand for election)

1893

New Zealand (to vote)

1902

Australia *

1906

Finland

1907

Norway (to stand for election)*

1913

Norway *

1915

Denmark, Iceland

1917

Canada (to vote)*, Netherlands (to stand for election)

1918

Austria, Canada (to vote) H, Estonia, Georgia *, Germany, Ireland *, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Poland, Russian Federation, United Kingdom *

1919

Belarus, Belgium (to vote) *, Luxembourg, Netherlands (to vote), New Zealand (to stand for election), Sweden *, Ukraine

1920

Albania, Canada (to stand for election) *, Czech Republic, Slovakia, United States (to vote)

1921

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium (to stand for election) *, Georgia ° , Lithuania, Sweden *

1924

Kazakstan *, Mongolia, Saint Lucia, Tajikistan

1927

Turkmenistan

1928

Ireland ° , United Kingdom °

1929

Ecuador H, Romania *

1930

South Africa (Whites), Turkey (to vote)

1931

Chile *, Portugal *, Spain, Sri Lanka

1932

Maldives, Thailand, Uruguay

1934

Brazil, Cuba, Portugal *, Turkey (to stand for election)

1935

Myanmar (to vote)

1937

Philippines

1938

Bolivia *, Uzbekistan

1939

El Salvador (to vote)

1941

Panama*

1942

Dominican Republic

1944

Bulgaria, France, Jamaica

1945

Croatia, Guyana (to stand for election), Indonesia, Italy, Japan *, Senegal, Slovenia, Togo

1946

Cameroon, D.P.R. of Korea, Djibouti (to vote), Guatemala, Liberia, Myanmar (to stand for election), Panama ° , Romania ° , Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yugoslavia

1947

Argentina, Japan ° , Malta, Mexico (to vote), Pakistan, Singapore

1948

Belgium° , Israel, Niger, Republic of Korea, Seychelles, Suriname

1949

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile ° , China, Costa Rica, Syrian Arab Republic (to vote) *

1950

Barbados, Canada (to vote) ° , Haiti, India

1951

Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Nepal, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

1952

Bolivia *, Côte d’Ivoire, Greece, Lebanon

1953

Bhutan, Guyana (to vote), Hungary (to vote), Mexico (to stand for election), Syrian Arab Republic °

1954

Belize, Colombia, Ghana

1955

Cambodia, Eritrea (?), Ethiopia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peru

1956

Benin, Comoros, Egypt, Gabon, Mali, Mauritius, Somalia

1957

Malaysia, Zimbabwe (to vote) °

1958

Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Hungary (to stand for election), Lao P.D.R, Nigeria (?)

1959

Madagascar, San Marino (to vote), Tunisia, United Republic of Tanzania

1960

Canada (to stand for election) ° , Cyprus, Gambia, Tonga

1961

Bahamas *, Burundi, El Salvador (to stand for election), Malawi, Mauritania, Paraguay, Rwanda, Sierra Leone

1962

Algeria, Australia ° , Monaco, Uganda, Zambia

1963

Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kenya, Morocco, Papua New Guinea (to stand for election) (?)

1964

Bahamas ° , Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Papua New Guinea (to vote), Sudan

1965

Afghanistan, Botswana, Lesotho

1967

Ecuador ° , Kiribati, Tuvalu, Yemen (D.P.R.), Democratic Republic of the Congo (to vote)

1968

Nauru, Swaziland

1970

Andorra (to vote), Yemen

(Arab Republic), Democratic Republic of the Congo (to stand for election)

1971

Switzerland

1972

Bangladesh

1973

Andorra (to stand for election), Bahrain (right recognized?), San Marino (to stand for election)

1974

Jordan, Solomon Islands

1975

Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Sao Tomé and Principe, Vanuatu

1976

Portugal °

1977

Guinea Bissau

1978

Republic of Moldova*, Zimbabwe (to stand for election)

1979

Marshall Islands (?), Micronesia (Fed. States), Palau

1980

Iraq, Vanuatu °

1984

Liechtenstein, South Africa (Coloureds + Indians)

1986

Central African Republic, Djibouti (to stand for election)

1989

Namibia

1990

Samoa

1994

Kazakstan, Republic of Moldova *, South Africa (Blacks)

 

 

* Right subject to conditions or restrictions

°Restrictions or conditions lifted

N.b. Nomenclature used is that of the current official names of countries

Rights to vote and to stand for election not yet recognized for women:
-Kuwait and United Arab Emirates

Source: IPU Study No. 28, 1997, "Men and Women in Politics: Democracy Still in the Making"

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