Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers
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RICHARD E. MATLAND
is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the Unviersity of Houston, Texas and is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Administration and Organizational Theory at the University of Bergen, Norway.
The following two chapters examine some of the strategies that can be used to overcome obstacles to political participation outlined in the previous chapter. In this chapter, we focus our attention on two issues. First, we examine the principle steps involved in the legislative recruitment process in order to elucidate how women can increase their chances of getting nominated and elected. Second, we look at one particular mechanism proven effective in increasing women's representation: a country's electoral system. Which electoral systems are best suited to elect women and why? How have electoral systems affected women's representation in different countries? What specific factors should women be concerned about in the actual design of electoral systems? By addressing these questions, we hope to provide some insight on one effective and practical strategy that women can use to increase their parliamentary representation.


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